Select learnings from NPP research and discussions

Applying Net Positive


Net Positive Social Impact


Social Impacts: Three Complimentary Lenses

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Net Positive Social Impact: Summary and Implications

What is the topic and the challenge being addressed?
  • ‘Human Thriving’ in relation to occupational and consumer health.
What are the major trends and initiatives in the field?
  • UN Business and Human Rights Guiding Principles
  • UN Sustainable Development Goals
What is current progress, and is it on track?
  • Human rights are deteriorating around the world – Amnesty International annual report, February 2018
What could net positive change / outcomes look like?
  • Reductions in human rights footprints/risks in global supply chains
  • Growth in human rights handprints/positive change in global supply chains
What is the role of the private sector?
  • To respect human rights, under the UN Guiding Principles
  • To perform due diligence on human rights in their global supply chains, under frameworks including the UN Global Compact
What are other key stakeholders, frameworks, etc. (select examples)?
  • Variety of national laws requiring transparency and due diligence on human rights issues in supply chains
  • OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
  • ISO 26000
  • UPEP Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment
  • Global Reporting Initiative
  • IFC Reporting standards
  • Equator Principles
 

Net Positive Social Impact: Social Applications

  • Select the relevant level for each element of NP Principal: Systemic

  • Is your approach influencing change across entire systems?

Material

Focusing on what matters most
  • Companies must address the biggest risks to their business, and to workers and to local communities right across the value chain from raw material extraction to use and end-of- use.
  • Targets must be informed by global goals, frameworks, and conventions.
  • Solutions should be informed by local stakeholders
  • Action must be taken where the risks are highest.

Regenerative

Creating long-term, sustained and absolute impact
  • Companies work to identify the root causes of social risks in their supply chains
  • Companies must ensure that their interventions address root causes, and in a durable, sustainable way

Systemic

Influencing change across entire systems
  • Companies must respect human rights within the countries, regions, and communities in which risks are high
  • Targets must be context specific.
  • Companies must drive collective action for sustainable improvement of human rights protections for workers and communities
  • Companies should support government protection of human rights and relevant policies, and should support respect for human rights by other companies locally (in line with the UN Guiding Principles)

Transparent

Sharing progress openly and honestly
  • The full range of social impacts should be described comprehensively using a combination of qualitative and quantitative information as appropriate, with a defined strategy and action plan to reduce those negative impacts and enhance positive impacts.
  • Reporting should reflect information within the appropriate context
  • Targets and progress should be published publicly and verified by recognized authorities with local expertise.
  • Companies should share best practice with NGOs, government and business
 

Net Positive Social Impact: NP Considerations Unique to Health

Traditional (Environmental) LCA addresses Environmental pathways to (Population) Health

  • Pollution released to environment across life cycle→Exposures and health effects

  • The context can determine the expected severity of the impact. For example, the expected human health consequences of an air pollution release depend in part on the population density downwind of the release.

  • Impacts may affect different populations, raising distributional/ethical/justice issues.

 

Net Positive Social Impact: Scope for Social Contributions and Handprints

 
 

Net Positive Social Impact: Pathways to Net Positive Health Impacts

Traditional (Environmental) LCA addresses Environmental pathways to (Population) Health

  • Pollution released to environment across life cycle → Exposures and health effects

Example: Augmented Method to address Occupational Health impacts

  • Method demonstrated and available

  • Supply chain occupational health impacts can be dominant for some product types

  • Material footprints to address; Material handprint and contribution opportunities

  • Introduces and demonstrates use of worker-hours as basis for social assessment in supply chains

Example: Augmented Method to address Consumer Health Impacts

  • Method demonstrated and available

  • Use phase consumer health impacts can be dominant for some product types

  • Material footprints to address; Material handprint and contribution opportunities