|What is the topic and the challenge being addressed?
- Water use, from extraction to consumer use. Challenges include: Human toxicity, ecotoxicity, water scarcity, acidification, eutrophication
|What are the major trends and initiatives in the field?
- Freshwater species abundance has declined by up to 81% between 1970 and 2012
- 3900 children die every day from water borne diseases
- 1 out of 6 people lack access to safe drinking water
- 8 Mighty rivers are running dry from overuse, greatly affecting humans and ecosystems (Colorado, Indus, Amu Darya, Syr Darya, Rio Grande, Yellow, Teesta and Murray)
|What is current progress, and is it on track?
- The International Resource Panel state that without altering current levels of consumption, almost half the world’s population will experience severe water stress by 2030
|What could net positive change / outcomes look like?
- The Net Positive framing can help corporates to set targets which go beyond minimizing pollution or reducing water use, and instead, focus on increasing access to freshwater supplies.
|What is the role of the private sector?
- Corporates rely on water supplies right across the value chain, from agriculture and material extraction, to manufacture, to consumer use. The availability of water in the right place and at the right quality can pose a significant risk to business.
|What are other key stakeholders, frameworks, etc. (select examples)?
- UN SDGS
- Freshwater Living Planet Index
- Water Use in LCA (WULCA)
- ISO 14046
- World Resources Institute
- Qantis- Water Stewardship Benefits Accounting
- WWF- Water Stewardship Framework
- Courtauld Commitment 2025- WRAP
- Context-based Water Targets